Maggid ben Yoseif / Jerusalem Torah Voice in Exile
23 Kislev 5760 (December 2, 1999)

Minchah:
The prayer watch for Joseph
to stand with Judah
and to be awake while he sleeps


While Israel sleeps, the enemy works.

The morning prayers are the spiritual means for the Torah faithful to reclaim the territory where the enemy has gained a foothold during the time Israel was sleeping. The afternoon prayers solidify the position of the devout and route the enemy sufficiently so that he cannot gain an insurmountable upper hand overnight. And so the spiritual war wages day in and day out, morning and afternoon and evening. But as the State of Israel sleeps, from midnight to dawn, the night watch over Jerusalem and the Jewish state is handed off to those who say the Minchah prayers in the 2 p.m. to 3 p.m. time zones on the other side of the world. Increasingly, this includes Joes who have adopted the inspired prayers of Judah as part of their devotionals. (For those who do not have the block of time to dedicate themselves to this prayer, we suggest the much shorter chief rabbinute's prayer for the welfare of the State of Israel.

In the Minchah prayers below, which are the standard Orthodox prayers, the name HASHEM is substituted for the Divine name of G-d. But in reciting these prayers, the petitioner should call upon the Divine Name spelled A-D-O-N-A-I, the name reserved only for the Supreme Master and Creator. For a full treatment of the names of Hashem, see the Glossary. When referring to the Supreme Master casually, we should use the name Hashem, which means simply, THE NAME.

Among Judah, these prayers are usually said as part of a minyan of at least 10 men. This way kavanah (the degree of closeness to Hashem) is assured as each borrows on the spiritual strength of the others in weak moments and the prayer is considered a community effort. But the lack of a minyan should not deter one from praying; he will only be responsible for his own level of kavanah and be precluded from reciting the various KADDISH prayers that sanctify between each part of the prayer service.

When said as part of a minyan, the prayers are led by one who is designated the CHAZZAN or leader. Some of the prayers may also be read responsively. Below, we have transliterated some of the more important Hebrew phrases with the translations in parenthesis. It would be preferable to learn the complete prayers in Hebrew but these key phrases are a start.

The Minchah below changes for holidays, Shabbats, fast days, new moons and special seasons such as the interim period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. For a commentary on these prayers and the complete versions during these special times, we recommend that you purchase an Orthodox Hebrew-English Siddur (prayer book) available from several fine sources including Judaica Press and ArtScroll Mesorah Publications. The prayers are given below without commentary except the indented and smaller type comments meant to assist with the flow of the prayer service. It is important to concentrate and focus on the intent of these prayers as though one has a private audience with Hashem.

Reciting the complete prayer usually takes about 30 minutes, less if no minyan is present so there is no repetition of the Sh'monei Esrei or KADDISH between blessings.

It is our prayer that as you stand with Judah in these strategic hours during the night watch that Hashem will solidify your heart with Judah and move upon the hearts of Judah to accept you into the family of Israel. A family that prays together, stays together!

Ben Yosef

MINCHAH

KORBON TAMID
We recite Exodus 30:17-21 recalling the Holy Precincts as we approach our Holy God mindful that we have no Temple at present except the Heavenly temple which hovers over its physical abode. We perform the mitzvah of offering the afternoon KORBON TAMID (continual offering) by calling to mind the Scriptures that command this offering:
HASHEM spoke to Moses, saying: Make a laver of copper, and its base of copper, for washing; and place it between the Tent of the Appointment and the Altar and put water there. Aaron and his sons are to wash their hands and feet from it. When they arrive at the Tent of Appointment they are to wash with water so that they not die, or when they approach the Altar to serve, to burn a fire-offering to HASHEM. They are to wash their hands and feet so that they not die; and this shall be an eternal decree for them — for him and for his offspring — throughout their generations.

May it be Your will, HASHEM, our God, and the God of our forefathers, that You have mercy on us and pardon us for all our CHATOT (errors), atone for us all our AVONOT (iniquities), forgive us for all our PESHA (willful sins); and that the BEIT HA-MIKDASH (Holy Temple) be rebuilt, speedily in our days, so that we may offer to You the KORBON TAMID (continual offering) that it may atone for us, as You have prescribed for us in Your Torah through Moshe, Your servant, from Your glorious mouth, as it is said:

Numbers 28:1-8
HASHEM spoke to Moses, saying: Command the Children of Israel and tell them: My offering, My food for My fires, My satisfying aroma, you are to be scrupulous to offer Me in its appointed time. And you are to tell them: ‘This is the fire-offering that you are to bring HASHEM: first-year lambs, unblemished, two a day, as a continual elevation-offering. One lamb-service you are to perform in the morning and the second lamb-service you are to perform in the afternoon; with a tenth-ephah of fine flour as a meal-offering, mixed with a quarter-hin of crushed olive oil. It is the continual elevation-offering that was done at Mount Sinai, for a satisfying aroma, a fire to HASHEM. And its libation is a quarter-hin for each lamb, to be poured on the Holy Altar, a fermented libation to HASHEM. And the second lamb-service you are to perform in the afternoon, like the meal-offering of the morning and its libation are you to make, a fire-offering for a satisfying aroma to HASHEM. He is to slaughter it on the north side of the Altar before HASHEM, and Aaron’s sons the Kohanim are to dash its blood upon the Altar, all around.

May it be Your will, HASHEM, our God and the God of our forefathers, that
this recital be worthy and acceptable, and favorable before You as if we had offered the KORBON TAMID (continual offering) in its set time, in its place, and according to its requirement.

KORBAN KETORET
It is You, HASHEM, our God, before Whom our forefathers burned the KETORET (incense¬ spices) in the time when the Holy Temple stood, as You commanded them through Moshe Your prophet, as is written in Your Torah:

Exodus 30:34-36, 7-8
HASHEM said to Moses: Take yourself spices — stacte, onycha, and galbanum — spices and pure frankincense; they are all to be of equal weight. You are to make it into KETORET (incense), a spice-compound, the handiwork of an expert spice-compounder, thoroughly mixed, pure and holy. You are to grind some of it finely and place some of it before the Testimony in the Tent of Appointment, where I shall designate a time to meet you; it shall be a holy of holies for you.

It is also written: Aaron shall burn upon it the incense-spices every morning; when he cleans the lamps he is to burn it. And when Aaron ignites the lamps in the afternoon, he is to burn it, as continual incense before HASHEM throughout your generations.

The following exposition by the rabbis is part of the prayer service to remind the children of Israel throughout their generations and their years of exile of the Talmudic formula for compounding the KETORET:
The Rabbis taught: How is the incense mixture formulated? Three hundred sixty-eight maneh were in it: three hundred sixty-five corresponding to the days of the solar year — a maneh for each day, half in the morning and half in the afternoon; and three extra maneh, from which the Kohen Gadol would bring both his handfuls [into the Holy of Holies] on Yom Kippur. He would return them to the mortar on the day before Yom Kippur, and grind them very thoroughly so that it would be exceptionally fine. Eleven kinds of spices were in it, as follows: (1) stacte, (2) onycha, (3) galbanum, (4) frankincense — each weighing seventy maneh; (5) myrrh, (6) cassia, (7) spikenard, (8) saffron — each weighing sixteen maneh; (9) costus — twelve maneh; (10) aromatic bark — three; and (11) cinnamon — nine. [Additionally] Carshina lye, nine kab; Cyprus wine, three se’ah and three kab — if he has no Cyprus wine, he brings old white wine; Sodom salt, a quarter[-kab]; and a minute amount of a smoke-raising herb. Rabbi Nassan the Babylonian says: Also a minute amount of Jordan amber. If he placed fruit-honey into it, he invalidated it. But if he left out any of its spices, he is liable to the death penalty.

Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel says: The stacte is simply the sap that drips from balsam trees. Why is Carshina lye used? To bleach the onycha, to make it pleasing. Why is Cyprus wine used? So that the onycha could be soaked in it, to make it pungent. Even though urine is more suitable for that, nevertheless they do not bring urine into the Temple out of respect.

It is taught, Rabbi Nassan says: As one would grind [the incense] another would say,
HA-DEYK HA-TIV, HA-TIV HA-DEYK
‘Grind thoroughly, thoroughly grind,’

because the sound is beneficial for the spices. If one mixed it in half-quantities, it was fit for use, but as to a third or a quarter — we have not heard the law. Rabbi Yehudah said: This is the general rule — In its proper proportion, it is fit for use in half the full amount; but if he left out any one of its spices, he is liable to the death penalty.

It is taught, Bar Kappara says: Once every sixty or seventy years, the accumulated leftovers reached half the yearly quantity. Bar Kappara taught further: Had one put a kortov of fruit-honey into it, no person could have resisted its scent. Why did they not mix fruit-honey into it? — because the Torah says: ‘For any leaven or any fruit-honey, you are not to burn from them a fire-offering to HASHEM.”

HASHEM TZAVAOT
HASHEM TZAVAOT IMANU,
MISHGAV LANU ELOKEY YA'ACOV, SELAH. (3x)
HASHEM, Master of Legions, is with us,
a stronghold for us is the God of Jacob, Selah!’
HASHEM, Master of Legions, is with us,
a stronghold for us is the God of Jacob, Selah!’
HASHEM, Master of Legions, is with us,
a stronghold for us is the God of Jacob, Selah!’

HASHEM TZAVAOT, ASHREI ADAM BOTEY'ACH BACH (3x)
HASHEM, Master of Legions, praiseworthy is the person who trusts in You.
HASHEM, Master of Legions, praiseworthy is the person who trusts in You.
HASHEM, Master of Legions, praiseworthy is the person who trusts in You.

HASHEM HOSHI'AH HA-MELEK YA'ANEYNU B'YOM KAR'EYNU (3x)
HASHEM, save! May the King answer us on the day we call!
HASHEM, save! May the King answer us on the day we call!
HASHEM, save! May the King answer us on the day we call!

You are a shelter for me; from distress You preserve me; with glad song of rescue, You envelop me, Selah! May the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasing to HASHEM, as in days of old and in former years.

ANAH B'KO'ACH
ANAH B'KO'ACH (We beg You!) With the strength of Your right hand’s greatness, untie the bundled sins. Accept the prayer of Your nation; strengthen us, purify us, O Awesome One. Please, O Strong One — those who foster Your Oneness, guard them like the pupil of an eye. Bless them, purify them, show them pity, may Your righteousness always recompense them. Powerful Holy One, with Your abundant goodness guide Your congregation. One and only Exalted One, turn to Your nation, which proclaims Your holiness. Accept our entreaty and hear our cry, O Knower of mysteries.

BARUCH SHEYM K'VOD MALCHUTO L'OLAM VA'ED
(Blessed is the Name of His glorious Kingdom for all eternity.)

ASHREI
ASHREI (Praiseworthy) are those who dwell in Your house; may they always praise You, Selah! Praiseworthy is the people for whom this is so, praiseworthy is the people whose God is HASHEM.

Psalm 145 A psalm of praise by David:
I will exalt You, My God the King,
and I will bless Your Name forever and ever.
Every day ! will bless You,
and I will laud Your Name forever and ever.
HASHEM is great and exceedingly lauded,
and His greatness is beyond investigation.
Each generation will praise Your deeds to the next
and of Your mighty deeds they will tell.
The splendrous glory of Your power
and Your wondrous deeds I shall discuss.
And of Your awesome power they will speak,
and Your greatness I shall relate.
A recollection of Your abundant goodness they will utter
and of Your righteousness they will sing exultantly.
Gracious and merciful is HASHEM,
slow to anger, and great in [bestowing] kindness.
HASHEM is good to all;
His mercies are on all His works.
All Your works shall thank You, HASHEM,
and Your devout ones will bless You.
Of the glory of Your kingdom they will speak,
and of Your power they will tell;
To inform human beings of His mighty deeds,
and the glorious splendor of His kingdom.
Your kingdom is a kingdom spanning all eternities,
and Your dominion is throughout every generation.
HASHEM supports all the fallen ones
and straightens all the bent.
The eyes of all look to You with hope
and You give them their food in its proper time;
You open Your hand,
and satisfy the desire of every living thing.
Righteous is HASHEM in all His ways
and magnanimous in all His deeds.
HASHEM is close to all who call upon Him
to all who call upon Him sincerely.
The will of those who fear Him He will do;
and their cry He will hear, and save them.
HASHEM protects all who love Him;
but all the wicked He will destroy.

Chazzan— May my mouth declare the praise of HASHEM and may all flesh bless His Holy Name forever and ever. We will bless God from this time and forever, Halleluyah!’

When a minyan (10 or more men) are present, the Chazzan recites the following Half -Kaddish.
HALF KADDISH
May His great Name grow exalted and sanctified (Minyan—Amen.) in the world that He created as He willed. May He give reign to His kingship, and cause His salvation to sprout, and bring near His Messiah (Minyan—Amen), in your lifetimes and in your days, and in the lifetimes of the entire Family of Israel, swiftly and soon. Now respond: Amen.

(Minyan—Amen. May His great Name be blessed forever and ever.) May His great Name be blessed forever and ever.

Blessed, praised, glorified, exalted, extolled, mighty, upraised, and lauded be the Name of the Holy One, Blessed is He (Minyan—Blessed is He) — beyond any blessing and song, praise and consolation that are uttered in the world. Now respond: Amen. (Minyan—Amen)

Next we prepare to stand and bow to Hashem in near silence as our lips tremble inaudible to our neighbor with the most common prayer recited in the Temple … the Sh'moneh Esrei or 18 benedictions. We begin to approach Hashem by taking three steps backward, then three steps forward. We remain standing with the feet together while reciting Sh'moneh Esrei. Remember it is recited with quiet devotion and without interruption of any kind. Recite it only loud enough to hear yourself but not to distract anyone around you.
SH'MONEI ESREI
When I call out the Name of HASHEM, ascribe greatness to our God. My Lord, open my lips, that my mouth may declare Your praise.

1. PATRIARCHS
We show our devotion to Hashem by DAVENING as we say parts of this blessing calling to mind the promises Hashem made to the Patriarchs pertaining to their distant ancestry -- US! We bend the knees as we say the word BARUCH (Blessed) bow at ATAH (You) and straighten up at ‘HASHEM’.
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, our God and the God of our forefathers, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob; the great, mighty, and awesome God, the supreme God, Who bestows beneficial kindnesses and creates everything, Who recalls the kindnesses of the Patriarchs and brings a Redeemer to their children’s children, for His Name’s sake, with love.

Bend the knees at ‘Blessed’; bow at ‘You’; straighten up at ‘HASHEM’.
O King, Helper, Savior, and Shield. (DAVEN) BARUCH ATAH, (Blessed are You) HASHEM, MAGEYN AVRAHAM (Shield of Abraham).

2. GOD’S MIGHT
You are eternally mighty, my Lord, the Resuscitator of the dead are You; abundantly able to save. (From Passover through Succot … He makes the dew descend between Shemini Atzeret and Passover … He makes the wind blow and He makes the rain descend). He sustains the living with kindness, resuscitates the dead with abundant mercy, supports the fallen, heals the sick, releases the confined, and maintains His faith to those asleep in the dust.

MI K'MOCHAH (Who is like You?), O Master of mighty deeds, and who is comparable to You, O King Who causes death and restores life and makes salvation sprout! And You are faithful to resuscitate the dead. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, Who resuscitates the dead.

3. HOLINESS OF GOD'S NAME
You are holy and Your Name is holy, and holy ones praise You every day, forever, for You are God, the great and holy King. Blessed are You, forever and ever, for You are God, the
great and holy King.

BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, HA'EYL HA-KADOSH (the holy God).

4. INSIGHT
You graciously endow man with knowledge and teach insight to a frail mortal. Endow us graciously from Yourself with wisdom insight, and knowledge.
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, CHONEYN HA-DA'AT (gracious Giver of knowledge).

5. REPENTANCE
HASHVINU AVINU L'TORATEYCHAH (Bring us back, our Father, to Your Torah)
V'KARAVEYNU MALKEYNU L'AVODAHTEYCHAH, (and bring us near, our King, to Your service) and influence us to return in perfect repentance before You. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, CHANUN HAROTZEH BITSHUVAH (Who desires repentance).

6. FORGIVENESS
We strike our chest over our heart with the right fist while reciting the words CHATANU (erred) and PASHA'EYNU (willfully sinned):
S'LACH LANU AVINU KI CHATANU (Forgive us, our Father, for we have erred)
M'CHAL LANU MALKEYNU KI PASHA'EYNU (Pardon us, our King, for we have willfully sinned);
KI EYL TOV V'SALACH ATAH (for You are the good and forgiving God.)
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, CHANUN HAMARBEH LISLO'ACH (The gracious Who pardons abundantly.

7. REDEMPTION
Behold, please, our affliction, take up our grievance, and redeem us with a complete redemption speedily for Your Name’s sake, KI EYL GOEL CHAZAK ATAH (for You are God, the powerful Redeemer). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, GOEYL YISRAEL (Redeemer of Israel).

8. HEALTH AND HEALING
Heal us, HASHEM — then we will be healed; save us — then we will be saved, for You are our praise. Bring cure and healing for all our illnesses, all our sufferings, and all our ailments,

Here we make personal petitions on behalf of one who is ill:
May it be Your will, HASHEM, my God, and the God of my forefathers, that You quickly send a complete recovery from heaven, spiritual healing and physical healing to the patient (name) BEN/BAT (son/daughter of) (mother’s name) among the other patients of Israel.

KI EYL MELECH ROFEH N'EMAN V'RACHAMAN ATAH (for You are God, King, the faithful and compassionate Healer). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, ROFEH CHOLEY AMO YISRAEL (Who heals the sick of His people Israel).

9. YEAR OF PROSPERITY
The following blessing is read "give a blessing" from Chol HaMoed Passover through Minchah on December 4th (or 5th in the year before a civil leap year); and "give dew and rain," from the evening of December 4-5 until Passover.
Bless on our behalf— O HASHEM, our God — this
year and all its kinds of crops for the best, and give (dew and rain for) a blessing on the face of the earth, and satisfy us from its bounty, and bless our year like the best years for bless¬ing. For You are the good and beneficent God Who blesses the years. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, M'VARECH HA-SHANIM (Who blesses the years).

10. INGATHERING OF EXILES
Sound the great shofar for our freedom, raise the banner to gather our exiles and speedily gather us together from the four corners of the earth to our Land. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, (M'KABEYTZ NIDCHEY AMO YISRAEL (Who gathers in the dispersed of His people Israel).

11. RESTORATION OF JUSTICE
Restore our judges as in earliest times and our coun¬selors as at first; remove from us sorrow and groan; and speedily reign over us — You, HASHEM, alone — with kindness and compassion, and justify us through righteousness and judgment. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MELECH OHEYV TZ'DEKAH UMISHPAT (the King Who loves righteousness and judgment).

12. AGAINST MINIM (HERETICS)
And for slanderers let there be no hope; and may all the MINIM (heretics) perish in an instant; and may all the enemies of Your people be cut down speedily. May You speedily uproot, smash and cast down the wanton sinners — destroy them, lower them, humble them, speedily in our days. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, SHOVEYR OIYEVIM UMACHNI'ACH ZEDIM (Who breaks enemies and humbles wanton sinners).

13. THE RIGHTEOUS
On the righteous, on the devout, on the elders of the remainder of Your people BEIT YISRAEL (the House of Israel), on the remnant of the academy of their scholars, on the righteous converts and on ourselves — may Your compassion be aroused, please, HASHEM, our God, and give goodly reward to all who sincerely believe in Your Name. Put our lot with them, and may we never feel ashamed, for we trust in You,’ and upon Your truly great compassion do we rely. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MISH'AN UMIVTACH L'TZADIKIM (Mainstay and Assurance of the righteous).

14. REBUILDING JERUSALEM
And to Jerusalem, Your city, may You return in compas¬sion, and may You rest within it, as You have spoken. May You rebuild it soon in our days as an eternal structure, and may You speedily establish the throne of Your servant David within it. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, BONEH Y'RUSHALAYIM (the Builder of Jerusalem).

15. DAVIDIC REIGN
The TZEMACH (branch) of Your servant David may You speedily cause to flourish, and enhance his pride through Your salvation, for we hope for Your salvation all the day (and look forward to salvation). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MATZME"ACH KEREN Y'SHUA (Who causes the pride of salvation to flourish).

16. ACCEPTANCE OF PRAYER
Merciful Father, hear our voice, HASHEM our God, pity and be compassionate to us, and accept — with compas¬sion and favor — our prayer, for God Who hears prayers and supplic¬ations are You. From before Yourself, our King, turn us not away empty-handed. Be gracious with us, answer us, and hear our prayer,

For Forgiveness: Please O HASHEM, I have erred, been iniquitous and willfully sinned before You, from the day I have existed on earth until this very day (and especially with the sin of ______ ) Please HASHEM, act for the sake of Your Great Name and grant me atonement for my iniquities, my errors, and my willful sins through which I have erred, been iniquitous, and willfully sinned before You, from my youth until this day. And make whole all the Names that I have blemished in Your Great Name.

For Livelihood: It is You, HASHEM the God, Who nourishes, sustains, and supports, from the horns of the re'eimim to the eggs of lice. Provide me with my allotment of bread; and bring forth for me and all members of my household, my food, before I have need for it; in contentment but not in pain, in a permissible but not a forbidden manner, in honor but not in disgrace, for life and for peace, from the flow of blessing and success and from the flow of the Heavenly spring, so that I may be enabled to do Your will and engage in Your Torah and fulfill Your commandments. Make me not needful of people's largesse; and may there be fulfilled in me the verse that states, "You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of ever living thing" and that states, "Cast your burden upon Hashem and He will support you."

for You hear the prayer of each mouth of Your people Israel with compassion. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, SHOMEY'AH T'FILAH (Who hears prayer).

17. TEMPLE SERVICE
Be favorable, HASHEM, our God, toward Your people Israel, turn to their prayer and restore the service to the Holy of Holies of Your Temple. Speedily accept the fire-offerings of Israel and their prayer with love and favor, and may the service of Your people Israel always be favorable to You. May our eyes behold Your return to Zion in compassion. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HA'MACHAZIR SH'KINATO L'TZION (Who restores His Presence to Zion).

18. THANKSGIVING (MODIM)
It is customary to Bow at the phrase, MODIM ANACHNU LACH (We gratefully thank You); and straighten up at ‘HASHEM’.
MODIM ANACHNU LACH (We gratefully thank You), for it is You Who are HASHEM, our God and the God of our forefathers for all eternity; our Rock, the Rock of our lives, Shield of our salvation are You from generation to generation. We shall thank You and relate Your praise for our lives, which are committed to Your power and for our souls that are en¬trusted to You; for Your miracles that are with us every day; and for Your wonders and favors in every season —evening, morning, and afternoon. The Beneficent One, for Your compassions were never exhausted, and the Compas¬sionate One, for Your kindnesses never ended — for we have always put our hope in You.

For all these, may Your Name be blessed, exalted and extolled, our King, continually forever and ever.

Again, it is customary to DAVEN by bending the knees at BARUCH (Blessed), bowing at ATAH (You) and straightening up at ‘HASHEM’.
Everything alive will gratefully acknowledge You, Selah! and praise and bless Your great Name sincerely, forever, for it is good. O God of our salvation and help, Selah! the beneficent God. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HA_TOV SHIMCHAH ULECHAH NA'EH L'HODOT (Your Name is ‘The Beneficent One’ and to You it is fitting to give thanks)

19. PEACE
Establish peace, goodness, blessing, life, graciousness, kindness, and compassion upon us and upon all of Your people Israel. Bless us, our Father, all of us as one, with the light of Your counten¬ance, for with the light of Your countenance You gave us, HASHEM, our God, the Torah of life and a love of kindness, righteousness, blessing, compassion, life, and peace. And may it be good in Your eyes to bless us and to bless all of Your people Israel, in every season and in every hour with Your peace (with abundant strength and peace). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HAM"MEVARECH ET AMO YISRAEL BASHALOM (Who blesses His people Israel with peace.)

May the expressions of my mouth and the thoughts of my heart find favor before You, HASHEM, TZURI V'GO'ALI (my Rock and my Redeemer).’

My God, guard my tongue from evil and my lips from speaking deceitfully? To those who curse me, let my soul be silent; and let my soul be like dust to everyone. Open my heart to Your Torah, then my soul will pursue Your commandments. As for all those who oppose and design evil against me, speedily nullify their counsel and disrupt their design. May it be Your will, HASHEM, my God and the God of my forefathers, that human jealousy may not rise up against me, nor my jealousy upon others; may I not become angry today, and may I not anger You. Rescue me from the Evil Inclination, and place in my heart submissiveness and humility. O our King and our God, cause Your Name to be unified in Your world; rebuild Your city, lay the foundation of Your House, perfect Your Sanctuary; gather in the scattered exiles, redeem Your sheep, and gladden Your congregation. Act for Your Name’s sake; act for Your right hand’s sake; act for Your Torah’s sake; act for Your sanctity’s sake. That Your beloved ones may be given rest; let Your right hand save, and respond to me.

One accepting a fast upon himself recites the following on the day before the fast:
Master of all the worlds, I come before You [to accept] a voluntary fast for tomorrow. May it be Your will, HASHEM, my God and the God of my forefathers, that You accept me with love and favor, that my prayer come before You, and that You answer my entreaty in Your abundant mercy, for You hear the prayer of every mouth.

On the afternoon of the fast, the following is recited:
Master of all the worlds, it is revealed and known before You that in the time when the BEIT HAMIKDASH (Holy Temple) existed, if someone sinned, he brought an offering — yet nothing of it was offered [on the Altar] except for its fat and blood, yet You in Your abundant mercy would atone. Now I have engaged in a fast and my own fat and blood have been diminished. May it be Your will that the diminution of my fat and blood that was diminished today should be as if I had offered it upon the Altar and may You show me favor.

All continue:
May the expressions of my mouth and the thoughts of my heart find favor before You, HASHEM, TZURI V'GO'ALI (my Rock and my Redeemer).’

The Sh'monei Esrei ends by bowing and taking three steps backward the protocol for exiting in the presence of a KING, then bowing to the left and saying:
OSEH SHALOM BIMROMAHV (He Who Makes Peace in His heights)
Then bowing to the right and saying
HU YA'ASEH SHALOM ALEYNU (May He make Peace upon us)
Then bowing forward and reciting
V'AL KOL YISRAEL V'IMRU AMEN (And upon all Israel, Now respond Amen).

May it be Your will, HASHEM our God and the God of our forefathers, that the BEIT HA-MIKDASH (Holy Temple) be rebuilt, speedily in our days. Grant us our share in Your Torah, and may we serve You there with reverence, as in days of old and in former years. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to HASHEM, as in days of old and in former years.’

When a minyan of 10 men is present, the Sh'monei Esrei prayer is repeated by the Chazzan with those present giving their verbal assent with their Amen's after each benediction until the chazzan reaches the KEDUSHAH, which was omitted during the silent recitation of Sh'monei Esrei. At this point, it is customary for the minyan to take three steps forward. If one is praying alone, or there is no minyan for the repetition, it is customary to remain standing in place for a few moments before taking three steps forward. Remember to Daven during the blessing of the Patriarchs and the Thanksgiving Modim.

CHAZZAN'S REPETITION OF SH'MONEI ESREI

When I call out the Name of HASHEM, ascribe greatness to our God. My Lord, open my lips, that my mouth may declare Your praise.

PATRIARCHS
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, our God and the God of our forefathers, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob; the great, mighty, and awesome God, the supreme God, Who bestows beneficial kindnesses and creates everything, Who recalls the kindnesses of the Patriarchs and brings a Redeemer to their children’s children, for His Name’s sake, with love. O King, Helper, Savior, and Shield. (DAVEN) BARUCH ATAH, HASHEM, MAGEYN AVRAHAM (Shield of Abraham).
Minyan: AMEN

GOD’S MIGHT
You are eternally mighty, my Lord, the Resuscitator of the dead are You; abundantly able to save. (From Passover through Succot … He makes the dew descend between Shemini Atzeret and Passover … He makes the wind blow and He makes the rain descend). He sustains the living with kindness, resuscitates the dead with abundant mercy, supports the fallen, heals the sick, releases the confined, and maintains His faith to those asleep in the dust.

MI K'MOCHAH (Who is like You?), O Master of mighty deeds, and who is comparable to You, O King Who causes death and restores life and makes salvation sprout! And You are faithful to resuscitate the dead. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, Who resuscitates the dead.
Minyan: AMEN

During the chazzan’s repetition, Kedushah (below) is recited at this point.
KEDUSHAH
This ancient blessing is recited standing with feet together and without any interruption. We raise up on our toes when saying the words Holy, Holy, Holy; Blessed; and HASHEM shall reign. Minyan followed by Chazzan each recite:
We will sanctify You and revere You according to the pleasant words of the counsel of the holy Seraphim, who thrice recite ‘Holy’ before You, as it is written by Your prophet, “And one [angel] will call another and say:
All— KADOSH KADOSH KADOSH, HASHEM TZ'VA'OT M'LO CHOL HA-ARETZ K'VODO (‘Holy, holy, holy is HASHEM, Master of Legions, the whole world is filled with His glory.’ )
Chazzan— Facing them they give praise, saying:
All— BARUCH K'VOD HASHEM MIM'MEKOMO
(‘Blessed is the glory of HASHEM from His place.')
Chazzan—And in Your holy Writings the following is written:
All— YIMLOCH HASHEM L'OLAM (‘HASHEM shall reign forever)
ELOKAICH TZION L'DOR VADOR HALLELUYAH
(your God, 0 Zion — from generation to generation, Halleluyah!’)

HOLINESS OF GOD's NAME
You are holy and Your Name is holy, and holy ones praise You every day, forever, for You are God, the great and holy King. Blessed are You, forever and ever, for You are God, the
great and holy King.

BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, HA'EYL HA-KADOSH (the holy God). (Minyan: AMEN)

INSIGHT
You graciously endow man with knowledge and teach insight to a frail mortal. Endow us graciously from Yourself with wisdom insight, and knowledge.
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You) HASHEM, CHONEYN HA-DA'AT (gracious Giver of knowledge).(Minyan: AMEN)

REPENTANCE
HASHVINU AVINU L'TORATEYCHAH (Bring us back, our Father, to Your Torah)
V'KARAVEYNU MALKEYNU L'AVODAHTEYCHAH, (and bring us near, our King, to Your service) and influence us to return in perfect repentance before You. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, CHANUN HAROTZEH BITSHUVAH (Who desires repentance). (Minyan: AMEN)

FORGIVENESS
We strike our chest over our heart with the right fist while reciting the words CHATANU (erred) and PASHA'EYNU (willfully sinned):
S'LACH LANU AVINU KI CHATANU (Forgive us, our Father, for we have erred)
M'CHAL LANU MALKEYNU KI PASHA'EYNU (Pardon us, our King, for we have willfully sinned);
KI EYL TOV V'SALACH ATAH (for You are the good and forgiving God.)
BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, CHANUN HAMARBEH LISLO'ACH (The gracious Who pardons abundantly. (Minyan: AMEN)

REDEMPTION
Behold, please, our affliction, take up our grievance, and redeem us with a complete redemption speedily for Your Name’s sake, KI EYL GOEL CHAZAK ATAH (for You are God, the powerful Redeemer). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, GOEYL YISRAEL (Redeemer of Israel). (Minyan: AMEN)

During a fast, the CHAZZAN now recites the ANEYNU (ANSWER US!!)
ANEYNU
ANEYNU (Answer us), HASHEM, ANEYNU (answer us), on this day of our fast, for we are in great dis¬tress. Do not pay attention to our wickedness; do not hide Your Face from us; and do not ignore our supplication. Please be near to our outcry; please Let Your kindness comfort us — before we call to You answer us, as it is said: ‘And it will be that before they call, I will answer; while they yet speak, I will hear.’ For You, HASHEM, are the One Who responds to His people Israel in time of distress, Who redeems and rescues in every time of distress and woe. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HA'ONEH L'AMO YISRAEL B'YET TZARAH (Who responds to His people Israel in time of distress). (Minyan: AMEN)

HEALTH AND HEALING
Heal us, HASHEM — then we will be healed; save us — then we will be saved, for You are our praise. Bring cure and healing for all our illnesses, all our sufferings, and all our ailments,

KI EYL MELECH ROFEH N'EMAN V'RACHAMAN ATAH (for You are God, King, the faithful and compassionate Healer). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, ROFEH CHOLEY AMO YISRAEL (Who heals the sick of His people Israel). (Minyan: AMEN)

YEAR OF PROSPERITY
The following blessing is read "give a blessing" from Chol HaMoed Passover through Minchah on December 4th (or 5th in the year before a civil leap year); and "give dew and rain," from the evening of December 4-5 until Passover.

Bless on our behalf— O HASHEM, our God — this
year and all its kinds of crops for the best, and give (dew and rain for) a blessing on the face of the earth, and satisfy us from its bounty, and bless our year like the best years for bless¬ing. For You are the good and beneficent God Who blesses the years. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, M'VARECH HA-SHANIM (Who blesses the years). (Minyan: AMEN)

INGATHERING OF EXILES
Sound the great shofar for our freedom, raise the banner to gather our exiles and speedily gather us together from the four corners of the earth to our Land. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, (M'KABEYTZ NIDCHEY AMO YISRAEL (Who gathers in the dispersed of His people Israel). (Minyan: AMEN)

RESTORATION OF JUSTICE
Restore our judges as in earliest times and our coun¬selors as at first; remove from us sorrow and groan; and speedily reign over us — You, HASHEM, alone — with kindness and compassion, and justify us through righteousness and judgment. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MELECH OHEYV TZ'DEKAH UMISHPAT (the King Who loves righteousness and judgment). (Minyan: AMEN)

AGAINST MINIM (HERETICS)
And for slanderers let there be no hope; and may all the MINIM (heretics) perish in an instant; and may all the enemies of Your people be cut down speedily. May You speedily uproot, smash and cast down the wanton sinners — destroy them, lower them, humble them, speedily in our days. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, SHOVEYR OIYEVIM UMACHNI'ACH ZEDIM (Who breaks enemies and humbles wanton sinners). (Minyan: AMEN)

THE TZADIKIM (RIGHTEOUS)
On the righteous, on the devout, on the elders of the remainder of Your people BEIT YISRAEL (the House of Israel), on the remnant of the academy of their scholars, on the righteous converts and on ourselves — may Your compassion be aroused, please, HASHEM, our God, and give goodly reward to all who sincerely believe in Your Name. Put our lot with them, and may we never feel ashamed, for we trust in You,’ and upon Your truly great compassion do we rely. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MISH'AN UMIVTACH L'TZADIKIM (Mainstay and Assurance of the righteous). (Minyan: AMEN)

REBUILDING JERUSALEM
And to Jerusalem, Your city, may You return in compas¬sion, and may You rest within it, as You have spoken. May You rebuild it soon in our days as an eternal structure, and may You speedily establish the throne of Your servant David within it. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, BONEH Y'RUSHALAYIM (the Builder of Jerusalem). (Minyan: AMEN)

DAVIDIC REIGN
The TZEMACH (branch) of Your servant David may You speedily cause to flourish, and enhance his pride through Your salvation, for we hope for Your salvation all the day (and look forward to salvation). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, MATZME"ACH KEREN Y'SHUA (Who causes the pride of salvation to flourish). (Minyan: AMEN)

ACCEPTANCE OF PRAYER
Merciful Father, hear our voice, HASHEM our God, pity and be compassionate to us, and accept — with compas¬sion and favor — our prayer, for God Who hears prayers and supplic¬ations are You. From before Yourself, our King, turn us not away empty-handed. Be gracious with us, answer us, and hear our pray¬er, for You hear the prayer of each mouth of Your people Israel with compassion. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, SHOMEY'AH T'FILAH (Who hears prayer). (Minyan: AMEN)

TEMPLE SERVICE
Be favorable, HASHEM, our God, toward Your people Israel, turn to their prayer and restore the service to the Holy of Holies of Your Temple. Speedily accept the fire-offerings of Israel and their prayer with love and favor, and may the service of Your people Israel always be favorable to You. May our eyes behold Your return to Zion in compassion. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HA'MACHAZIR SH'KINATO L'TZION (Who restores His Presence to Zion). (Minyan: AMEN)

THANKSGIVING (MODIM)
It is customary to Bow at the phrase, MODIM ANACHNU LACH (We gratefully thank You); and straighten up at ‘HASHEM’. |Also, as the Chazzan recites the MODIM blessing (1) below, it is custom for a minyan to softly recite the Modim of the Rabbis (2) below:
(1) MODIM ANACHNU LACH (We gratefully thank You), for it is You Who are HASHEM, our God and the God of our forefathers for all eternity; our Rock, the Rock of our lives, Shield of our salvation are You from generation to generation. We shall thank You and relate Your praise for our lives, which are committed to Your power and for our souls that are en¬trusted to You; for Your miracles that are with us every day; and for Your wonders and favors in every season —evening, morning, and afternoon. The Beneficent One, for Your compassions were never exhausted, and the Compas¬sionate One, for Your kindnesses never ended — for we have always put our hope in You.

(2) We gratefully thank You for it is You Who are Hashem, our God and the God of our forefathers, the God of all flesh, our Molder, the Molder of the universe. Blessings and thanks are due Your great and holy Name for You have given us life and sustained us. So may You continue to give us life and sustain us and gather our exiles to the Courtyards of Your Sanctuary, to observe Your decrees, to do Your will and to serve You wholeheartedly. (We thank You) for inspiring us to thank You. Blessed is the God of thanksgivings.

For all these, may Your Name be blessed, exalted and extolled, our King, continually forever and ever.

Again, it is customary to DAVEN by bending the knees at BARUCH (Blessed), bowing at ATAH (You) and straightening up at ‘HASHEM’.
Everything alive will gratefully acknowledge You, Selah! and praise and bless Your great Name sincerely, forever, for it is good. O God of our salvation and help, Selah! the beneficent God. BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HA_TOV SHIMCHAH ULECHAH NA'EH L'HODOT (Your Name is ‘The Beneficent One’ and to You it is fitting to give thanks)
Minyan: AMEN

PEACE
Establish peace, goodness, blessing, life, graciousness, kindness, and compassion upon us and upon all of Your people Israel. Bless us, our Father, all of us as one, with the light of Your counten¬ance, for with the light of Your countenance You gave us, HASHEM, our God, the Torah of life and a love of kindness, righteousness, blessing, compassion, life, and peace. And may it be good in Your eyes to bless us and to bless all of Your people Israel, in every season and in every hour with Your peace (with abundant strength and peace). BARUCH ATAH (Blessed are You), HASHEM, HAM"MEVARECH ET AMO YISRAEL BASHALOM (Who blesses His people Israel with peace.) (Minyan: AMEN)

May the expressions of my mouth and the thoughts of my heart find favor before You, HASHEM, TZURI V'GO'ALI (my Rock and my Redeemer).’
(Minyan: AMEN)

At this point a TACHANUN including a Vidui or confession is recited in some congregations. The complete liturgy may be found in an Orthodox Siddur. We repeat the prayer below because of its special significance to those who are Hashem's guardians or watchmen.
O Guardian of Israel, protect the remnant of Israel; let not Israel be destroyed — those who proclaim, SHEMA YISRAEL (‘Hear 0 Israel.’)
O Guardian of the unique nation, protect the remnant of the unique people; let not the unique nation be destroyed — those who proclaim the Oneness of Your Name, ‘HASHEM ELOKEYNU HASHEM ECHAD (HASHEM is our God, HASHEM — the One and Only!’)
O Guardian of the holy nation, protect the remnant of the holy people; let not the holy nation be destroyed — those who proclaim three-fold sanctifications to the Holy One.
Become favorable through compassion and become appeased through supplications. Become favorable and appeased to the poor generation for there is no helper.
AVINU MALCHEYNU CHANEYNU VA'ANEYNU (Our Father, our King, be gracious with us and answer us)
though we have no worthy deeds; treat us with charity and kindnesses, and save us.

It is custom to remain seated until after reciting the three words V'ANACHNU LO NEDAH (‘We know not,’) and then to stand to conclude the paragraph:
V'ANACHNU LO NEDAH (We know not what to do) — but our eyes are upon You.’ Remember Your mercies, HASHEM, and Your kindnesses, for they are from the beginning of the world. May Your kindness be upon us, HASHEM, just as we awaited You.’ Recall not against us the sins of the ancients; may Your mercies meet us swiftly, for we have become exceedingly impoverished. Our help is from HASHEM, Maker of heaven and earth.’ Be gracious to us, HASHEM, be gracious to us, for we are abundantly sated with scorn? Amid rage — remember to be merciful. Amid rage — remember the binding [of Isaac]! Amid rage — remember the perfect ones! HASHEM save! May the King answer us on the day we call? For He knew our nature, He remem¬bers that we are dust.

Chazzan: Assist us, O God of our salvation, for the sake of Your Name’s glory; rescue us and atone for our sins for Your Name’s sake.’

FULL KADISH (Sanctification)
Chazzan: May His great Name grow exalted and sanctified (Minyan —Amen.) in the world that He created as He willed. May He give reign to His kingship, and cause His salvation to sprout, and bring near His Messiah (Minyan—Amen), in your lifetimes and in your days, and in the lifetimes of the entire Family of Israel, swiftly and soon. Now respond: Amen.
(Minyan—Amen. May His great Name be blessed forever and ever.) May His great Name be blessed forever and ever. Blessed, praised, glorified, exalted, extolled, mighty, upraised, and lauded be the Name of the Holy One, Blessed is He (Minyan— Blessed is He) beyond any blessing and song, praise and consolation that are uttered in the world. Now respond:
Amen. (Minyan—Amen.)
(Minyan— Accept our prayers with mercy and favor.)
May the prayers and supplications of the entire Family of Israel be accepted before their Father Who is in Heaven. Now respond: Amen. (Minyan—Amen.)
(Minyan.— Blessed be the Name of HASHEM, from this time and forever.

May there be abundant peace from Heaven, and good life, upon us and upon all Israel. Now respond: Amen. (Minyan—Amen.)
(Minyan — My help is from HASHEM, Maker of heaven and earth.

Again we take three steps back, bow left and say,OSEH SHALOM BIMROMAHV (He Who Makes Peace in His heights), then bow to the right and say, HU YA'ASEH SHALOM ALEYNU (May He make Peace upon us) and bow forward and say, V'AL KOL YISRAEL V'IMRU AMEN (And upon all Israel, Now respond Amen). Remain standing in place for a few moments, then take three steps forward.

ALEYNU
Stand while reciting the following:
It is our duty to praise the Master of all, to ascribe greatness to the Molder of primeval creation, for He has not made us like the nations of the lands and has not emplaced us like the families of the earth; for He has not assigned our portion like theirs nor our lot like all their multitudes. (For they bow to vanity and emptiness and pray to a god which helps not.’) But we (BOWING) bend our knees, bow, and acknowledge our thanks before the King who reigns over kings, the Holy One, Blessed is He. He stretches out heaven and establishes earth’s foundation, the seat of His homage is in the heavens above and His powerful Presence is in the loftiest heights. He is our God and there is none other. True is our King, there is nothing beside Him, as it is written in His Torah: ‘You are to know this day and take to your heart that HASHEM is the only God — in heaven above and on the earth below — there is none other.”

And therefore we put our hope in You, HASHEM our God, that we may soon see Your mighty splendor, to remove detestable idolatry from the earth, and false gods will be utterly cut off, to perfect the universe through the Almighty’s sovereignty. Then all humanity will call upon Your Name, to turn all the earth’s wicked toward You. All the world’s inhabitants will recognize and know that to You every knee should bend, every tongue should swear. Before You, HASHEM, our God, they will bend every knee and cast themselves down and to the glory of Your Name they will render homage, and they will all accept upon themselves the yoke of Your kingship that You may reign over them soon and eternally. For the kingdom is Yours and You will reign for all eternity in glory as it is written in Your Torah: HASHEM YIMLOCH L'OLAM VA'ED (HASHEM shall reign for all eternity.’) Chazzan— And it is said: HASHEM L'MELECH AL KOL HA-ARETZ (HASHEM will be King over all the world) — BAYOM HA-HU YIHYEH HASHEM ECHAD USHMO ECHAD (on that day HASHEM will be One and His Name will be One.)

Do not fear sudden terror, or the holocaust of the wicked when it comes. Plan a conspiracy and it will be annulled; speak your piece and it shall not stand, for God is with us? Even till your seniority, I remain unchanged; and even till your ripe old age, I shall endure. I created you and I shall bear you; I shall endure and rescue.

MOURNER’S KADDISH
When a minyan is present any mourners who have lost members of the immediate family, spouses, children, parents, brothers or sisters, over the past 11 months recite the closing sanctification.
May His great Name grow exalted and sanctified (Minyan —Amen.) in the world that He created as He willed. May He give reign to His kingship, and cause His salvation to sprout, and bring near His Messiah (Minyan —Amen.) in your lifetimes and in your days, and in the lifetimes of the entire Family of Israel, swiftly and soon. Now respond: Amen.
(Minyan —Amen. May His great Name be blessed forever and ever.) May His great Name be blessed forever and ever. Blessed, praised, glorified, exalted, extolled, mighty, upraised, and lauded be the Name of the Holy One, Blessed is He (Minyan — Blessed is He) beyond any blessing and song, praise and consolation that are uttered in the world. Now respond: Amen. (Minyan —Amen.) May there be abundant peace from Heaven, and good life, upon us and upon all Israel. Now respond: Amen. (Minyan —Amen.)

The mourners remain standing in place for a few moments silently thanking Hashem for transferring their grief into His praise and then take three steps back. They bow left and say, OSEH SHALOM BIMROMAHV (He Who Makes Peace in His heights), then bow to the right and say, HU YA'ASEH SHALOM ALEYNU (May He make Peace upon us) and bow forward and say, V'AL KOL YISRAEL V'IMRU AMEN (And upon all Israel, Now respond Amen).
They remain standing for a few more moments then take three steps forward.